Europe, east to the Ural, south to Caucasus, Asia Minor and Northern Persia. In mixed forests on moist, nutrient- and humus-rich soils.
Light brown shoots.
Large tree with round, dense crown, when grown on open site becomes spreading and densely branching. Very attractive habit.
20 to 30 m in height and 15 to 22 m (unrestricted) spread. Annual growth 45 to 60 cm in height, 30 to 40 cm spread, more in young plants.
Light brown branches, winter buds red to dark purple (green in A. pseudoplatanus!), bark is brown-black with vertical splits.
Deciduous, opposite, 20 cm wide, 5 to 7 lobes, arching toothed, has latex sap. Autumn colour is intense golden-yellow, often with red blotches.
Golden-yellow upright, terminal corymbs appearing before leafing-out. Flowering trees are very beautiful.
Winged fruit held at obtuse angles to nearly horizontal, brown.
Shallow root system, predominantly horizontally spreading with many fibrous roots.
No special requirements, tolerates all types of soils, slightly acid to alkaline but fails on moorlands and peaty sites.
Wild form is more hardy than varieties. Heat tolerant, extremely tolerant of dry conditions, wind tolerant, withstands shade, tolerant of urban sites.